Sunday, March 22, 2020
Though the delight of listening to a brand new track on a compact disc with a big name artist has a similar emotional feel for modern day people, as It would have felt for people listening to a live symphony during the Classical era, the ability the artists, and those involved with them, have with the increase of new technology and business schemes has allowed their base of listeners to be on a global scale for millions, If not yet billions.During the late 17th century to early 19th century, the honeymoon that is the evolution of Liturgical Music had hit the Classical era; extremely skilled artists such as Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn and Schubert were producing masterpieces for the courts of the upper class. Because the culture that surrounds these classic artists and the modern artists has changed greatly over hundreds of years, the skill Involved In becoming a master of the art has not. We will write a custom essay sample on Modern vs. Classical Music or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Though taken very early in life from ongoing battles with illness mixed with over exhaustion from tirelessly producing piece after piece and a final, fatal bout with typhoid fever, Vienna based Franz Schubert work Is often described as being the last great representation of Classical era music, as well as being a transitional composer between classical and romantic era. Throughout his life while he composed, he worked mostly in schools after his own schooling, applying for various positions but seeming to end up falling short of his goal.In 1818 he was even Jobless and considered himself a failure, especially during the spring, when he produced only one work considered noteworthy, so he left the city for the summer months and was ivied showing exuberant spirits;and fresh creative outbursts, in creating three dynamic pieces. But at this time, his music was starting to be used in performances around Vienna. HIS only public performance, which was Ironically the same year he died, genera ted much profit In terms of money and success In terms of his lifelong accomplishments as an artist ending on a strong foot.Like Haydn and Beethoven, Mozart studied at the prestigious Viennese Classical School, but unlike those composers, or any other artist In history for that matter, he worked with all genres of USIA available to him at the time, and remarkably had success in all of them. This, along with the fact he was composing by age five and performing for royalty and nobility by age of six, point out his true musical genius. Although his musical talent was strong In composition as well as performance and he had toured through Italy, Anaheim.Pans, Salisbury, Munich and of course Vienna through early years of his life, he had serious financial worries, and they worsened as the famously fickle Viennese found other idols. His income during his last five years, 1786091, was far larger than that of most musicians, though much below that of the class he wanted to be associated Beethoven, whose father saw promise with him musically at a young age, did not develop the talent or partial recognition that Mozart had until his teens.In the late sasss, it is said he went to Vienna from his hometown of Bonn to study with Mozart, who was impressed with Beethovens abilities and thought this young man will make a great name for himself. At the turn of the century, It became appa rent to Beethoven that his continuing lose of hearing will only get worse, but that he will seize fate by the throat. Though stricken with bad luck in health and 1 OFF financial woes that Mozart and Schubert had, and was also the first musician in history to receive a salary for nothing more than compose under his own restrictions. Ninth the evolution of music and technology from the classical era to what the industry has today, the composition, production and presentation of music has expanded the capabilities of the artist and the audience. In addition, the financial Norris that the forefathers of this art had to endure have not impacted the upper echelon of musicians today by any means, and we saw a transition to this starting Ninth Beethovens salary, which showed a rise in appreciation of musicians by all society, rather than church and wealthy commissioners.The music medium has exploded into a worldwide cultural phenomenon, where ideas and thoughts of composition and sound can be exchanged with ease through radios, computers, encores and Vinyl/CD/Tape/MPH, which leads to constantly evolving music, rather than the antiquated notion of music being a regional cultural experience.In terms of the artist in the modern music scene, the skill and dedication required is equally demanding if not more so to rise to t he top in this competitive industry, though the reward is far greater in terms of fame, wealth and social status; all of which Mozart striver for but never was able to attain despite being perhaps one of the greatest musical talents the world has seen yet.Also with the expansion of audiences, infusions of genres and capabilities with technology, modern society has seen a trend in corporations fabricating bands, composing music for artists that fit with the cultural fads and electronically perfecting acoustics, all of which are ways for these companies to make quick profit. The downfall in this is the loss of appreciation of music by these corporations and eventually listeners, in terms of the emotion, talent and sacrifice that it takes away from the real musicians trying to make a name for themselves and their careers, such as Schubert and Mozart.
Thursday, March 5, 2020
An Coastal Destination Sustainable Tourism Planning Tourism Essay Essay Example An Coastal Destination Sustainable Tourism Planning Tourism Essay Essay An Coastal Destination Sustainable Tourism Planning Tourism Essay Essay This essay will analyze the sustainability of South Australia touristry Plan for 2009 -2014. This essay will place and measure the content of the touristry program is it sustainable. And reason the good and sustainable of the program. To the simple definition of sustainable touristry is accomplishing quality growing in a mode that does non consume the natural and built environment and preserves the civilization, history, and heritage of the local community ( David, 2006 ) . Pull offing sustainable touristry in the new millenary depends on the advanced policy and direction, which are including the relationship between local communities, the private sector, and the authorities in development action to protect the natural, built, and cultural environments in a manner with the economic growing. That are what the south Australia touristry program need to make. Australia s alone natural environment is a critical component of its planetary touristry entreaty and is regarded by touristry planning organisations as a cardinal property that differentiates Australia from viing touristry finishs in the planetary market. The Australian national Parkss, Marine Parkss and other protected countries are estimated to pull 80 million visitants yearly ( Tourism and Transport Forum 2004 ) . Sustainability has progressively become an of import facet of touristry development in general ( Bramwell, 1998 ) , but is seen even more of import to the finishs that rely on nature as their chief tourer attractive force ( Hudson and Miller 2005 ) . South Australia is a province in the southern cardinal portion of Australia. It covers some of the most waterless parts of the continent ; with a entire land country of 983,482 square kilometres ( 379,725 square metres ) , it is the 4th largest of Australia s six provinces and two mainland districts. The terrain consists mostly of waterless and semi-arid rangelands, with several low mountain scopes. The South Australian Tourism Plan 2009-2014 maps out cardinal schemes for turning the value of the province s touristry sector. It is inextricably linked to the South Australian Strategic Plan mark of making a $ 6.3 billion touristry industry by 2014. This is designed to guarantee that touristry and touristry related concerns are feasible and sustainable. This program identifies the industry s cardinal aims to 2014, within the broader context of South Australia s competitory public presentation and the likely hereafter of touristry, both nationally and globally. Therefore Sustainable touristry development should in add-on to supplying economic returns and a high quality experience for visitants, besides purpose at protecting the natural environment it operates in and bettering the quality of life of host occupants ( Aronsson 2000 ) . In the South Australia touristry program, the program cardinal focal point countries and their 13 schemes, which can plunge to the 4 parts, communicate, develop, purchase and trip to equilibrate the three merely references. Harmonizing to their ends and mark, to be sustainable it should be fulfill maximising the positive and minimising the negative effects of touristry. The ternary underside lines are suited here. It is widely accepted that the touristry industry portions with local occupants, authoritiess, and community the duty to protect and keep the natural and cultural heritage resources of our planet, both to prolong economic systems and to be passed on unimpaired to future coevalss ( Wall, 1999 ) . The Triple Bottom Line has been described as describing that gives consideration to fiscal results, environmental quality and societal equity ( Gilkison, 1999, p. 2 ) . The Triple Bottom Line may besides be defined as the return on capital investing when evaluated and measured along fiscal, societal and environmental dimensions ( Sauvante, 2001, p. 2 ) . Harmonizing the ternary bottom line. The first of the class is the economic sustainability, As one component of a finish economic system, touristry must assist back up a feasible economic base ( Ritchie, 2003 ) . Development is economically efficient and resources are managed so they can back up future coevalss. The South Australia touristry program which is a long term thought of the sustainable touristry. The program does sketch elaborate stairss, but focuses on the important schemes the Plan must accomplish to drive the full industry forward. The audience procedure revealed that both authorities and industry prefer this attack. Both are committed to encompassing and presenting on these cardinal ends. The program chief mark is to increase visitant outgo in South Australia touristry industry from $ 3.7 billion in 2002 to $ 6.3 billion by 2014. To accomplish the 2014 mark requires 6 per cent per annum norm growing. The State Government and the South Australian touristry industry purp ose to shut this spread by increasing visitant Numberss and length of stay, and more significantly, increasing visitant spend. This is surely a bold mark that the touristry programs are taking for. One of the sustainable of the economic is the local occupant occupation security, touristry demand can be extremely seasonal. The attempt of the South Australia to heighten occupation security will better economic sustainability. Tourism is a major in South Australia, and the program serves to reenforce the range and energy of the industry. In this program reference that Grow new and existing festivals and events. This kinds of the events and festival making both direct employment and the indirect employment from that. Depending on the handiness of local labour and the accomplishments and knowledge resources that are required, the importing of outside labour should non be inordinate. But one thing that can non see is procure their occupation during the off-season or after the events. And besides the rewards, wages and benefits are non be secure. Tourism is frequently perceived to be a low-skilled, low-income sector. While many of the service occupations in touristry and cordial reception may be described in this manner. Tourism support have many higher income occupations, such as hotel director, skilled building workers advisers etc ( Ritchie, 2003 ) . An economically sustainable touristry scheme should seek to bring forth a wide scope of employment chances Following the economic sustainability is the sociocultural. The South Australia program are making rather good on that. The quality of life in a finish depends on more than merely economic wellbeing. The wellness and verve of societal of societal and cultural systems and establishments helps to make an environment which occupant find meaningful in their chase of felicity ( Ritchie, 2003 ) . These include: the justness system, instruction system, transit, communications and the province. From the instruction system the program acts as an inspiration for pupils sing a calling in the industry. The State Government has established the Food, Tourism and Hospitality Industry Skills Advisory Council to specifically place work force tendencies and emerging accomplishments demands. Its overall purpose is to pull and retain a skilled work force to assist drive the hereafter of the industry. This is a great starting of the local educational system. It got many benefits on that, increase the con sciousness of the societal, increase the pupil involvement on the touristry industry and educate more professionals for the hereafter South Australia touristry or related industry people. Furthermore, the transit and travel besides is a portion of sociocultural. By accomplishing and keeping conveyance handiness by developing accessible and advanced conveyance, which meets rigorous sustainability criterions is need. The South Australia is traveling to better distribution channels and the air entree. The program traveling to collaborate market with air hoses and important touristry operators and optimise new engineering. Motivating people to go is one portion of turning touristry. Ensure globally and domestically connected via the travel distribution systems no affair online or traditional. On the other manus, addition peculiarly direct inbound flights. Adelaide and South Australia is an under-serviced finish. The purpose is to turn domestic hebdomadal place Numberss from 70,000 to 100,000 and dual international place Numberss. Every new place into Adelaide is a new chance to convey another visitant to South Australia and besides giving more chance and pick to travel. T he South Australia occupant will acquire profit on that, they will more convenience to travel to go. The program eventually desire to acquire achieve a 90 per cent evaluation of community and commercial assurance in touristry as a major subscriber to quality of life in South Australia. This means: the bulk of concerns and occupants regard and value touristry as a positive builder of pride, prosperity and work or life balance in South Australia s metropolitan and regional countries. Then, political sustainability is the last of the ternary bottom line. Political sustainability is seldom identified as one of pillars of sustainability. Yet we feel that it is potentially critical to the acceptableness of any solution ( Brown and Essex, 1997 ) . To do the program smooth and traveling good, the authorities ensures a positive policy environment to the regulations with the vision to ease new sustainable development. Promote investors by guaranting that external planning and policy hindrances to sustainable touristry development are removed. This will necessitate an all-of-government attack and besides the authorities Ensure external planning and policy hindrances to sustainable touristry development are removed, and that strategic investings are instance managed through the development procedure. A whole-of-government concerted attack to instance planning. Support advanced designs by following a whole-of-government instance be aftering attack with inducements. These so rts of the action are giving support to the touristry program and be given to cut down the issues. The ternary underside line for a sustainable planning for touristry is really of import portion, after analyze the South Australia program, the program is good but non really good, many of the policy or the action are non really to the full concern to the local occupant although eventually they looks to acquire some benefit on that but is need more concern on that. After the ternary underside line, coming is talk about the government-led attack that the South Australia touristry program that utilizing. This attack means that the authorities lead the planning procedure and really limited association and public in be aftering determinations. There is an successful illustration on Taiwan touristry by utilizing the government-led attack the betterment in the life criterions of the people of Taiwan ( Ming, 2008 ) . The South Australia is whole-of-government attack to touristry. This will be a critical factor in the success of this program. Collaboration must be taken to a new degree in the touristry industry, and the State Government. The occupations of support, policy, research, relationships and instance direction is by the authorities. The authorities traveling to construct a a strong industry organic structure with duty for the direction of all industry enterprises, to unite and turn the adulthood of the industry and create quality, consistence, professionalism, invention and influence. South Australian touristry is about wholly ( 95 per cent ) comprised of little to average concerns. These concerns are diverse and spread across the province. This hinders the industry s ability to stand for its involvements in a incorporate, persuasive manner. The authorities knows that South Australia needs a strong, independent organic structure that can present preparation and accreditation, concern advice, reference operator challenges and better quality service criterions. The South Australia touristry planning are traveling to Construct a individual, strong organic structure that takes duty for industry development, taking operators to a sustainable touristry hereafter. Although the South Australia touristry program is the government-led, but it is need the stakeholders involved in a program. The stakeholders will be including a figure of establishments, organisation, groups and persons, certainly the authorities. That will be are affected by a finish s touristry development. The general populace is one of stakeholders. In general, take an involvement in touristry development and its impacts on their quality of life ( Ritchie, 2003 ) . Other of import populaces include fiscal establishments and investors, the media, the authorities section and a figure of consumers groups. In the touristry program, they have mentioned that. The advancement of the touristry program will be communicated widely through improved stakeholder communicating webs supported with enterprises such as the development of the industry organic structure and align stakeholder programs to common intent. Besides partnerships play a important and of import function in the accomplishme nt of this program. A bulk of touristry partnerships described in the sustainable development literature are cross-sector enterprises that frequently involve representatives from industry, authorities, and the voluntary sectors ( Sitarz, 1998 ) . The dialogue, reciprocally determined ends and actions, and supervising ensuing from cross-sector partnerships make it more likely that these enterprises will ensue in sustainable results. The one of the program of action will pass on in concerted activities with industry, national and international trade and media spouses, give operators more chances to work together and put financess in concerted advertisement of bundles to do an feeling. With the right communicating, and interaction between the industry and these populaces, a reciprocally supportive relationship can be which ensures that ( Ritchie, 2003 ) . The South Australia touristry program puts the stakeholders in the of import topographic point because they knowing that it will be benefits on all of the stakeholders and can develop its industry. As I said that communicate with the stakeholders is the portion of the action programs of the South Australia touristry program, and is traveling to plus the staying action programs is it sustainable. They are wholly 13 of the action plans separate to pass on, develop, purchase and activate for the 5 old ages. One possible inquiries may be ask, is it possible achieve the 13 action programs within 5 old ages? The South Australian Tourism Commission and the touristry industry understand that turning great thoughts into world will necessitate significantly more attempt than the creative activity of an action list. As was recognized during audience, the SATC in concurrence with the industry is committed to this program s execution and monitoring. To measure the actions plans towards more sustainable signifiers of touristry, there is a demand for supervising systems. Ideally, these systems should concentrate on measuring the extent to which bing best patterns in touristry are aligned with , and aid to accomplish, nucleus sustainability ends ( Tony, Rob and Peter, 2002 ) . Harmonizing to Inskeep s measure 7 effectual schemes usually focus on the practical agencies for execution and monitoring involves set abouting regular measuring of one or more phenomenon in order to measure their alteration over clip. As the 2009 public presentation sum-up, they have entering great consequence to increase the touristry outgo and the competitory spread reduced. And their 13 action program merely two of them can non execute stretch mark. That means they are making their mark and planning. And harmonizing they have the great monitoring system allows for responses to what works and what does non works and better that immediate and to catch up the mark. I think will be hold a great consequence for coming old ages. The touristry industry of the hereafter will be built through a trust on comprehensive planning, which will see development from a holistic instead than sectorial position. This point of position will be driven by a locally developed vision for development, and non by the demand for increased net incomes or grosss for foreign-owned corporations or national authoritiess. It will be based on bottom-up globalisation, instead than on the corporate assortment. This means control will stay at the local degree, while prosecuting spouses from outside the community ( Donald, 2003 ) . The South Australia program think beyond the immediate thrust for increased net incomes and see the societal, cultural and environmental deductions of its actions and besides the program has built touristry sustainability in seeking the economic growing and benefits in a manner that preserves natural or reinforced resources, provides a quality experience and finish to the tourers and local engagement. The South Australia touristry program is a great program to protect these resources while adding something new. And the program offers a scope of sustainable environmental benefits, including improved transit, protect local festival and development and improved particular topographic points and infinites. Importantly it provides for an new experience for visitants and adds to the quality of life of local occupants. Well-planned and well-managed sustainable touristry can supply benefits at all economic degrees, addition criterions of life for local occupants, and maintain or even better the quality of the local environment ( David, 2006 ) The South Australia touristry program is likely to advance sustainable touristry because they have balance between the local and visitant, although the be aftering merely cost 5 old ages but the consequence is the long term benefit. In decision, sustainable touristry is hard to specify and step because it must related to today touristry tendency and concern for the hereafter. The challenge is happening an balance among elements of sustainable. After assess the program of the South Australia, they have a clear program for the hereafter and traveling to develop a sustainable touristry industry in South Australia. They got a potentially success on sustainable. Mention Aronsson, Lars.2000. The development of sustainable touristry. London, Continuum. Bramwell Bill, 1998 Sustainable touristry direction: rules and patterns, 2nd edn. Tilburg, Tilburg University Press Brown, Graham and Essex, Stephen.1997. Sustainable Tourism Management: Lessons from The Edge of Australia. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, , Volume 5, 4:294 305 DAVID, Edgell, 2006. Pull offing sustainable touristry: a bequest for the hereafter. Binghamton: Haworth Press. Donald G. Reid. 2003 Tourism, globalisation and development: responsible touristry planning. Sterling: Pluto Press. Gilkison, B. 1999. Accounting for a clean green environment: Duties and chances for New Zealand concerns and their comptrollers. Nelson: New Zealand: Anchor Press Limited Hudson S, Miller GA 2005 The responsible selling of touristry: the instance of Canadian Mountain Holidays. Tourism Manage 26:133-142 Ming-Huang Lee. 2008. Tourism and Sustainable Supports: the instance of Taiwan Third World Quarterly, Volume 29, 5: 961 978 Ritchie, J. R. Brent. 2003. The Competitive Finish: A sustainable touristry position. Trowbridge: Cromwell Press. Sauvante, M. 2001. The Triple Bottom Line : A council chamber usher. Directors Monthly, 25 ( 11 ) , 1-6 Sitarz, D. 1998 Sustainable America. Carbondale, IL: Earthpress. Tony, Griffin, Rob, Harris and Peter Williams, 2002. Sustainable touristry: the planetary position. Burlington: Elsevier Science. Tourism, Transport Forum. 2004. A natural partnership: doing national Parkss a touristry precedence. Australia, Sydney Wall, G. 1999. Towards a touristry typology, Tourism and sustainable development: Monitoring: A civic attack. Monitoring, planning, managing, determination devising Waterloo, Canada: Heritage Resources Centre, University of Waterloo. 2: 63-80.
Tuesday, February 18, 2020
Advantages and disadvantages of internet - Essay Example The pornographic sites are likely to make certain they are the primary sites to be listed inside any search zone; hence, children encounter such sites effortlessly. Regardless of all of the horrible disadvantages of the Net, there seems to be numerous advantages as well. Actually, the advantages even prevail over the disadvantages. The most frequent thing the Internet is employed for is research. Kids as well as students are amongst the top individuals who make use of the Internet for research. Nowadays, it is almost necessary that students apply the Internet for their research. Entertainment happens to be another popular motive why many kids surf in to the Internet. Now we are able to communicate in a few seconds with a person who happens to be sitting or even working in the other section of the world. There are numerous messenger services which are being offered. With the assistance of such services, it appears to become very simple to create a sort of worldwide friendship where yo u could share your feelings, can discover other cultures of diverse ethnicity. The primary objective of internet has constantly been the communication section. And the internet has stood out beyond the expectations of countless people. Still improvements are going on towards constructing it even faster and more dependable. By the initiation of computerÃ¢â¬â¢s Internet, our world has trimmed down and has achieved the form of a universal village. Downloading on line or video games, going into chat rooms, or merely surfing the Web are a few of the uses people have revealed. Information is perhaps the biggest improvement internet has donated. The Internet is an effective treasure trunk of information. Any type of information on whichever topic is very much available on the Internet. You could almost get any variety of data on roughly any kind of issues that you are seeking. In order to keep children protected, parents
Monday, February 3, 2020
Create your own assignment - Essay Example Use of their way of life (culture) and gender helps to give a reader an overview of traditional Igbo life and folkways that are seldom differentiated in European novels about Africa. Igbo society was a communitarian rather than individualistic tribe and its rituals and festivals were a means of fostering that community life.One of the Igbo cultures was the division between what is feminine and masculine varying from chores to crime. There were female crimes, those committed inadvertently, and there were male crimes. For example, OkonkwoÃ¢â¬â¢s killing of EzeuduÃ¢â¬â¢s son as a result of an accidental gunshot was considered a female crime that was punishable by seven years of exile in his motherhood. If he had committed a male crime, OkonkwoÃ¢â¬â¢s punishment would have been permanent exile or death by hanging. The society of the Igbo was dominated by men that symbolizing power and control in the society. For example, due to their power and control, men were allowed to have multiple wives as one sign of maintaining status in the clan. The more the women a man had, the higher the rank he was placed in the society. Additionally, women were required to live st rictly according to Igbo customs. They were characterized by generosity and supportive of each other and each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s children. It was also their culture that leadership was to be exclusively dominated by men while the women were supposed to be obedient to every man not only her husband. This expresses inferiority of women in the society as there were just there to follow orders from men without questioning. Igbo people were strongly bonded to their culture to an extent that even the arrival of the missionaries, they did not want to abandon their culture for the white manÃ¢â¬â¢s culture. The men were there to be first rebellious of the white manÃ¢â¬â¢s culture that claimed equality between man and woman, but the man was very stubborn
Sunday, January 26, 2020
Impact of Imperialism on India Throughout history, many nations have implemented imperialism to enforce their will over others for money, protection and civilization. India was no exception. Since its discovery, Europeans were trying get a piece of Indias action. In many cases England was the imperial, or mother country. Since India was put under imperialism, a great deal of things changed, some for the good, mostly though for the bad. Between 1640 and 1949, India was ruled by two periods of imperialism, both of which effected India in a very profound and permanent manner. The first period of European control was between 1740 and 1858. During this period the British East India Company controlled the Indian sub-continent under the guise of economic imperialism, when in fact the manipulation of Indian affairs was much more political than let on. When it was founded in 1600 by Queen Elizabeth I, the East India Companys main purpose was to break into the Indonesian spice trade which was dominated by the Dutch. But after colonizing a post a Madras in 1640, the company was re-chartered to include such rights as coining money and act as government to British subjects at the East India Companys posts. As well, the British government also gave the company the right to make was or peaceful arrangements with powers who were non-Christian. This control expanded with the founding of a port at Bombay in 1668, and the founding of Calcutta in 1690. Then in 1756, a young employee named Robert Clive, who had been named lieutenant-governor in 1755, was sent to take back Calcutta from the Bengal nawab. He accomplished this in January of 1757. Then later that year, Clive lead a group of 950 European and 2,000 Indian soldiers(sepoys) against a group of 50,000 Indians lead by a degenerate nawab at Plassey. The victory of the English forces over the local resistance brought Bengal under the effective political control of the East India Company. Although a puppet nawab was left in control of the area, Clive was granted the right to extract land revenue from most of eastern India. Throughout this whole period, the company slowly found its privileges being revoked, until in 1858, the Sepoy Rebellion, or the Indian Revolution, finally brought an end to the rule of the East India Company in India when it was revealed the cause of the rebellion was the use of beef and pork fat to grease rifle cartridges, which are taboo to the Muslims and Hindus. This Revolution brought the rule of the East India Company to an end. The second period of English imperialism started in August of 1858 when the British monarchy assumed direct control of India from the East India Company. This established a full colonial government, where British officials run the countrys affairs, in India. This is known as colonial imperialism. This period was one of major change in Indian life and culture. While the East India Company tried respect local customs and learn local languages, the colonial government tried to impose British culture on India. . . encouraged the Indian people to abandon their traditions and learn to speak, dress and live like Europeans. This came to a head in 1877, when Queen Victoria was recognized as the Empress of India. The colonial government felt it was their duty to civilize the people of India, feeling I am a little bit better than you, therefore my presence is necessary. This all began to end in 1885 with the formation of the Indian National Congress, made up of middle-class Indians who were kno wn as the congress. This congress campaigned for free education for both sexes, more Indian representation in government, and other reforms. But then in the early 1900s, nationalists began to reject British rule and petition for its end in India by boycotting British goods and publishing books which restored peoples pride in Indias ancient heritage. The nationalist leader, Mohandas Gandhi, is perhaps best known for his method of passive resistance to help the struggle of India. Then finally in 1949, the partitioning of the British controlled lands into the independent countries of Pakistan and India brought an end to English rule in the Indian subcontinent. Throughout the rule of the British in India, the effect of the colonial and economic imperialism impacted the sub-continent in the form of many economic and social changes. On the economic side, many Indian goods were sold overseas by the East India Company, but the government of England saw India as a large base for British goods, as well as a source of raw materials. This lead to British officials discouraging Indian industry, as well as encouraging the production of export crops rather than food crops. In this way cotton was produced in India, processed in England, and thin sold back to the Indians. This change in food supplies killed millions of Indians from famine in the 1800s. Then when the British government took direct control, the construction of railways, canals, and roads, especially the opening of the Suez canal in 1869 opened the interior of India for trade throughout Europe and Asia. With the construction of the telegraph lines in India, exports from India jumped tremen dously. However, all of the profit went to the colonialists, plunging most Indians into poverty. The social changes included the introduction of health care and hospitals, which, while curing diseases and improving the general health of Indians, created such a tremendous population explosion that famine resulted in some regions. As well, the creation of British educated professionals and business people created a new upper-class in India changing the rule of class in India forever. All of these changes, while under the guise of helping the natives, only served to help the colonists and leave the Indians feeling inferior, as though Indians are only hewers of wood, and drawers of water All of these changes in Indian culture and economy forever changed the destiny of the Land of India. While many changes may have been good in retrospect, they were only meant to help the colonizing British. Overall, the colonization of India had nothing but a negative effect on its people and culture. Perhaps one day people will realize that imposing one culture on another is not only wrong, but it is destructive to the natural course of a countrys history.
Saturday, January 18, 2020
It is no secret that, in a Tale of Two Cities, Dickens constantly critiques the English society. In chapters two and three he focuses on critiquing the justice system. By using various language strategies including juxtaposition, and the lack of quotation marks, Dickens comments on the ridiculousness of the court. DickensÃ¢â¬â¢s use of juxtaposition is evident when he describes Charles Darnay as Ã¢â¬Å"a false traitor to our serene, illustrious, excellent, and so forthÃ¢â¬ (Dickens 65). He uses many formal and descriptive adjectives followed by Ã¢â¬Å"and so forthÃ¢â¬ , which is informal and vague. The informality of these words reflects the barbarous actions of the crowd. The crowd craves entertainment and information so much that, Ã¢â¬Å"people paid the see the play at the Old Bailey, just as they paid to see the play in BedlamÃ¢â¬ (Dickens 63). Dickens demonstrates his animosity for the English judicial system by showing the reader the cruelty of the people. In chapter three there is a noticeable lack of quotation marks even when the characters are speaking. Ã¢â¬Å"Had he ever been a spy himself? No, he scored the base insinuation. What did he live upon? His propertyÃ¢â¬ (Dickens 69) is just one example. This absence reflects how in the English court people arenÃ¢â¬â¢t really heard. The Ã¢â¬Å"prisonerÃ¢â¬ has almost no opportunity to defend himself and is always guilty until proven innocent. The people are so positive that the prisoner will be convicted that they will even venture to say Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËOh! theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll find him guilty. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t you be afraid of thatÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Dickens 63). It is evident through his writing that Dickens believes that this is not the way to run things. He believes that people should be judged fairly. In using these language devices, Dickens conveys his opinion about the judicial system in England. He assesses the situation and works to convince the reader that the traditions need to be trained.
Friday, January 10, 2020
According to Verma & Bagley, Ã¢â¬Å"Equality has long been a major goal of education around the world. As early as 1948, Article 26 of the United NationsÃ¢â¬â¢ Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that, Ã¢â¬Å"everyone has the right to educationÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"education shall be free, at least at the elementary and fundamental stagesÃ¢â¬ (2007, p. 3). In relation to this statement, most governments who are members of the United Nation have made substantial efforts geared towards the realization of this Universal Declaration of Human rights. There is a credible evidence to suggest that educational investment on an individual not only benefit the individual personally; in terms of their earnings, but the society as a whole in both economic and social areas ( Verma, & Bagley, 2007). Inclusion is a philosophy that focuses on the process of adjusting the home, school and the larger society to accommodate persons with diverse needs. All individuals regardless of their differences are accorded the opportunity to interact, play, learn, work and experience the feeling of belonging. Besides, they are also allowed to develop in accordance with their potential and abilities. Inclusion therefore, calls for various persons to be fully involved in all aspects of life which include: education, employment, access to information, decision making process, community and domestic activities, recreational and social activities, and access to consumer goods and services such as electricity and clean water supply (Hegarty, 1993). Inclusion is about the following: welcoming diversity, benefiting all (learners) with or without special needs, children in or out of school who may feel excluded, providing equal access to education to all learners, continuous search to finding better ways of responding to diversity, identification and removal of barriers to education, stimulating creativity and problem solving by all, learners who risk marginalization, exclusion and/or underachievement of all learners, reforming schools and other institutions to ensure that every child receives quality and appropriate education within these schools, and having a positive mind set and start seeing the possibilities rather than impossibilities, and finally it is about improving learning environment and providing opportunities for all learners to become successful in their learning experiences (Hegarty, 1993). Inclusive education is a philosophy that ensures that, schools, centres of learning and other educational settings and systems are open to all children. This enables the learners to be included in all aspects of school-life. According to UNESCO (2001), Inclusive Education takes the Education For All agenda foreword. This is done by finding the ways of enabling schools to serve all learners in their communities as part of an Inclusive Education. Therefore, an inclusive school includes learners with various diversities and differentiates educational experiences to cater for the various diversities (UNESCO, 2001). The benefits of Inclusive Education include, all learners learn and grow in the environment that they will eventually live and work. As participation of those who are Ã¢â¬Å"differentÃ¢â¬ takes root, all learners and teachers gain the virtues of being accommodating, accepting, patient and co-operative. Other children gain some valuable virtues such as being considerate, patient and humble as they support their peers with special needs. It should also be remembered that some children with special needs are as well gifted and therefore other children or learners can as well benefit form them thus, it is not only the other way round. Besides, Inclusive Education offers to the teachers, an opportunity to share ideas and knowledge with each other, parent, and significant others, thus making education a meaningful aspect of everyday life. The also develop their skills and abilities when working as a team to address the challenges. This may also boost their status in the community. In addition, Inclusive Education creates a school for all, where everybody benefits resulting to an inclusive society. Further, the self-esteem of children who have special needs in education is improved. Inclusive Education is cost effective and gives equal opportunities to all children, thus promoting the right to all to education. Some of the concerns from the educators about barrier to inclusion frequently include: the school factors which include classroom factors like poor classroom arrangement, student factors like negative attitudes of learner with or without special needs towards each other, teacher factor which might range from negative attitude towards learners with special needs to inadequate training on various aspects of Inclusive Education. According to Loreman, Deppeler & Harvey, Ã¢â¬Å"Secondary teachers in Victoria, Australia, were found to lack the skills required to modify curriculum for children with diverse abilities and were reported to be in urgent need of training in this area in a study conducted by Grbich and Sykes. Ã¢â¬ (2005, p. 6). Curriculum factor which, often, is mostly rigid and some teachers lack the ability or knowhow to modify it; therefore, do not take into consideration the needs of the diverse learners. There are sub- standard government schools, negative attitude on the part of policy makers towards education of children with special needs, special education is at times planned on disability levels rather than on ability levels, there is a correlation between disability and extreme poverty levels (Hegarty & Alur, 2002). The other major concern is the support services and resource factors. Learners with special needs require basic support servicers for learning to be effective in an inclusive setting which are usually lacking in most inclusive setting. Examples of support services that can be made available to these learners include the following: resource rooms which should be adequately resourced, itinerant services, provision of educational resources relevant to their needs, parental support is also very paramount, technical support such as sign language interpreters and Braille transcribers, teacher-aides, peer support, physiotherapy, guidance and counselling, occupational therapies, community support and finally, provision of required equipment ( Daniels & Garner, 1999). Ã¢â¬Å"One of the major stumbling blocks to inclusion lies in the financial arrangement currently in place. Funding arrangements do not encourage inclusion, and the problem is not unique to England and Wales. The situation is similar in USAÃ¢â¬ ( Daniels & Garner 1999 p. 70). Collaboration and community involvement is very important. Lack of the same often hinders the process of inclusion. Collaboration and community involvement can be done through parental involvement, community involvement, partnership and networking, school management involvement, interactive relationships among the various stakeholders and home based programmes (Hornby, 1995). Some of the best practices that might alleviate the challenges faced in the practice of Inclusive Education may be adopted from the principles of Inclusive Education. These are principles that govern the practice of Inclusive Education. It calls for equalization of opportunities for all learners to experience normal mainstream activities, while making deliberate and appropriate measures to ensure quality education for all. Besides, Inclusive Education calls for a child centred curriculum and the learner to attend the school that he would naturally go to in his community if he had no special needs. In addition, it advocates for accessibility to the learning process and curriculum by all learners by differentiating the learning and assessment process according to the learnerÃ¢â¬â¢s needs (Mitchell, 2007). Furthermore, Inclusive Education addresses the needs of all learners with visible or invisible learning difficulties such as visual, hearing, physical, intellectual, communication, emotional and behavioural, bereavement from HIV and AIDs, child abuse, poverty, racism, malnourishment, emotional effects of war, divorce, family separation and living on streets. It also recognises and caters for individual differences in race, religion, abilities, disabilities or circumstances are not seen as challenges but as resources. Inclusive Education also plans for positive learning opportunities with support to learners with special needs as an integral part of the ordinary school. Even further, Inclusive Education requires change of negative attitude, negative behaviours, teaching methodologies, curricula, and environments to meet the needs of all learners, hence overcoming barriers to learning and development and finally, Inclusive Education calls on special needs education service providers to work closely with others within the community such as health and social worker emphasizing prevention and early intervention strategies to minimize the occurrence and the impact of disabilities in the community. Conclusion In Inclusive Education, we endeavour to provide a comprehensive educational plan that modifies the mainstream curriculum to give maximum opportunity to children with special needs, children who are marginalised, and children who are vulnerable as well as those who are neglected; in order for them to become productive members of the society. Developing positive attitude in parents, teachers, peers and the community at large towards the various categories of children with special needs (Mitchell, 2007). Providing equal opportunities to all children to share knowledge, resources and experiences. Suggesting approaches and teaching methodologies to accommodate all children in regular classes regardless of their diversities or disabilities. Developing and implementing a curriculum that is all inclusive or flexible and accessible. Reaching the unreached children and youths within the regular education. Facilitating inclusion of children in all aspects of life. Identifying and minimizing if not eradicating all barriers to learning and development, and finally, minimizing the effects of disabilities on the child (Smith, 1998).